Post by mondialito on Apr 20, 2020 23:46:28 GMT
CARDIFF CENTRAL – CANOL CAERDYDD
Somewhat unsurprisingly, Cardiff Central covers the heart of the Welsh Capital; its City Centre, transport hubs and many of its main attractions. However, within its boundaries is a land of contrasts, which may explain its historic volatility.
In the south of the constituency is Cardiff City Centre, which features the main shopping hubs of Queen’s Street, St. Mary’s Street and St. David’s Shopping Centre, as well as Cardiff Castle, the southern end of Bute Park, the National Museum of Wales and the Principality Stadium. BBC Wales’ new headquarters recently opened on the site of the old Coach Station. The Universities of Cardiff and South Wales are based here (Cardiff Met is in Cardiff West) therefore the constituency has a large student population, primarily based in and around Cathays. Beyond the immediate City Centre is Roath, home to a mixed community of young professionals, a proportion of south Asians (most visible along City Road) and an increasing student population in recent years. Roath also gives its name to the other large park in this constituency, which stretches northwards. The area around Roath Park and neighbouring Cyncoed are the most affluent parts of the constituency and Cardiff as a whole, with large owner-occupied detached houses abundant. In contrast, Llanedeyrn is dominated by 1960’s housing estates featuring a mostly white working-class population while Adamsdown features much cheaper compact terraced housing squeezed between Newport Road and the Great Western Mainline and a signifcant proportion of ethnic minorities.
The Cardiff Central parliamentary constituency was recreated for the 1983 election, which the incumbent Conservative MP for Cardiff North, Ian Grist won over evenly split opposition. Labour and the Liberals swapped 2nd and 3rd places in a much closer three-way contest in 1987. Grist was defeated by Labour’s Jon Owen Jones in 1992, who held the seat for 13 years but never comfortably, his largest majority was nearly 8,000 over the Liberal Democrats in the 1997 landslide. The Lib Dems gained the seat in 2005, one of a number of ‘student’ seats they gained in an election where the party made abolition of tuition fees and opposition to the Iraq War key policy positions. Jenny Willott served as MP for two terms, losing her seat to Labour in the Lib Dem collapse of 2015. Jo Stevens has been the MP since and currently serves in the Shadow Cabinet. Labour support in the constituency has strengthened since 2015, consolidating its position amongst student voters and pro-Europeans (Stevens herself has stood for anti-Brexit positions in the Commons, defying the Labour Whip on occasions during the 2015 and 2017 Parliaments). At the 2019 election, Cardiff Central returned the largest Labour majority in Wales, a scenario that would have been unthinkable even 10 years ago.